Based on a nationwide survey of women aged 18 to 35 years old who were asked about the link between birth control pills and weight gain, sixty-one percent believed that the pill causes weight gain. However, a published review suggested that women taking the pill should not blame their contraceptives when they add on a few pounds. There is no truth to the widespread notion that hormonal birth control methods and other forms of contraceptives cause weight gain.It is essential for women to be educated about "birth control pills" in order for them to base their contraceptive decisions on facts, not myths and misinformation. It's been more than four decades ago since the Pill had changed the way a woman's body functions. This combination of estrogen and progesterone hormones prevent ovulation or the releasing of an egg during the monthly cycle. By suppressing ovulation, a woman cannot get pregnant because there is no egg to be fertilized. After more than 40 years, the survey results confirm that there is a need to educate women further concerning the Pill.According to Laureen Lopez, Ph.D, women do tend to gain weight over time. But as far as we could tell, there is no evidence of a causal relationship between taking birth control pills and weight gain, added Lopez.Together with her colleagues at Family Health International, a nonprofit reproductive research group, they reviewed 44 hormonal contraceptive trials that included information about the study participants' weight fluctuations.None of the three trials that compared hormonal contraceptives to inactive placebo showed a significant difference in weight gain among either group.Forty-one studies compared different types, dosages, or regimens of hormonal contraception. While women in some of the studies did gain weight, Lopez says there was little to suggest that the weight gain was caused by hormonal contraceptive use.The researchers concluded that it is not possible to say for sure that hormonal contraceptives don't cause weight gain. But they added that "no large effect (was) evident" in the studies they reviewed.Over the years, advances in medical science have produced a new wave of safe and effective birth control pills that could put a stop to a woman's monthly bleeding for 365 days. Having gained more control over their reproductive cycles, women can now choose the type of contraceptive method based on lifestyle and health issues. However, the fear of gaining weight is one of the most common reasons why women choose less effective methods of birth control over the pill and other hormonal contraceptives.According to Katharine O'Connell, MD., assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia University, the belief that the pill makes you fat is especially strong among young women. She also said that many doctors still warn their patients who take hormonal contraceptives about possible weight gain.In their own review of another set of research group, O'Connell and colleagues at Columbia have completed examining birth control and weight gain. Little evidence of a connection was found. And in a recently published study comparing low-dose birth control pills to a vaginal contraceptive ring, they reported no significant weight gain in either group.
Is depression caused by external factors, or by our own mind and body? The answer may not be as simple as some would like to believe. The commonly held view is that depression is caused by negative events or circumstances that result in fear, sadness, apprehension, and worry. External factors such as gloomy weather, the six o'clock news, and even how one views society at large --- are also considered major sources of depression.Another school of thought in this issue about depression is rooted in biology and biochemistry. Going by this theory, depression is supposedly caused by chemical imbalances which, in turn, affect a person's psychological and emotional equilibrium. The discipline of psychology, however, takes a different tack by claiming that the chemical changes are effects of the psychological condition, not the other way around.There are reports and studies that show depression as being linked to a variety of chemical changes in the brain. Changes in the brain's chemical receptors have been mentioned as possible causes of depression. The same has been said of damage to the nerves and biochemical transmitters that do the gritty work of the central nervous system. Serotonin is usually mentioned, though other neural receptors have also been named by a variety of studies into the topic. Noradrenaline and dopamine levels have also been mentioned by some studies as being linked to depression. It is these drugs that most antidepressant medications are designed to target. The basic idea is that low levels of the aforementioned chemicals causes depression, so higher levels should be uplifting. While most cases of depression are treated successfully in this manner, there are still some issues to be resolved. The low levels may be indicative of another problem, rather than being the root of the problem itself.Psychology may be a major factor in depression, if not the root cause. Studies show that people who have suffered emotional or psychological trauma are more likely to develop depression later on in life. This is particularly true if the trauma occurred during the person's formative years, or was caused by a trusted figure in their life. Pessimism can also make it easier for a person to slide into depression, but most do not see it as a major factor. Anxiety disorders may also lead to depression, according to some studies. This stems from the negative self-perception that can be caused by anxiety disorders that cripple a person's ability to fulfill his perceived duties. These can include social anxiety and performance anxiety, among other types of "anxiety disorders" . As the negative self-perception sinks in, it begins to alter the person's view of reality. Eventually, as depression sets in, everything appears bleak and hopeless.For the time being, it is difficult to be sure whether depression is a mental condition or a biological one. There is ample evidence to show that there are factors on both sides of the argument. However, there is a lack of evidence to point to either side of the coin being the definitive answer. More research into the matter is going to be needed, especially since there are some unanswered questions about depression. For example, the fact that depression seems to manifest frequently in families suggest some sort of genetic connection. Also, if the state of mind does have an effect on depression, then would there be a statistical correlation between nihilism and depression? Clearly, there is still much to be discovered about this condition.
Low energy levels are frequently associated with winter, but for millions of Americans, fatigue and sluggishness are signs of spring. Allergies can make anyone feel out of sorts. Now you can take care of them in your home.If you have been feeling sleepy and sluggish this spring, your allergies might be to blame. In a study conducted jointly by the Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis, Minn., and Bassett Healthcare in Cooperstown, N.Y., allergic patients reported higher levels of general fatigue and mental fatigue during ragweed season.Experiencing fatigue, sadness or lack of motivation during ragweed season could be a sign that your allergies are bringing you down. Make an appointment with your allergist and ask about prevention and education, including the use of a room air cleaner to reduce airborne allergens.Ragweed is the most common allergen in the country. Each ragweed plant can produce a billion grains of pollen over the course of a single season. Currently, there is no part of the United States that is completely free of ragweed or other plants with airborne pollen.While the plants are a permanent part of the landscape, you're not simply at their mercy. Placing an air cleaner in your home is an easy way to help reduce the amount of allergy-causing airborne particles in your home.According to the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM), a portable air cleaner that has been given a Clean Air Delivery Rate (CADR) seal may reduce the level of airborne pollutants in a home. According to an AHAM study, 57 percent of air- cleaner owners believe that their air cleaners have had a large impact on the quality of indoor air.Compare the CADR information on different air cleaners. First, look at suggested room size. Then refer to the dust, tobacco smoke and pollen CADR numbers. The higher the numbers, the faster the unit filters the air. If the room size and CADR ratings are the same across two products, the air-filtering performance is similar. You can then weigh the importance of product features, such as noise levels and design, to find an air cleaner that fits your needs.
Is the Bird Flu Virus for real? Or is it something the media has blown up once again. Does the bird flu virus really possess a threat to us humans?The "bird flu" virus is the current virus that has been scaring people away from eating at KFC. People might think that the bird flu virus might cause them to die. What the media is doing, is only trying to scare a lot of people from the bird flu virus. This is maybe because of the pandemic that we have experienced before from other flu that have killed millions.The most famous of all the flu is the pandemic that happened during 1918-19. The Spanish flu killed more people than World War 1. 500 million became ill of this virus and around 40 million died. Thats why for every new flu virus thats been arising, people get worried right away. Scientist will try to prevent viruses from getting a lot worse like the 1918-19 pandemic. The media on the other hand serves to inform the people of the potential threat.Another thing to worry about is that 36,000 people die everyday of ordinary influenza virus in the United States alone. Can you imagine how much worse a pandemic can cause? Also every 3 to 4 times in a century there will always be a chance that a flu pandemic may hit. What if the bird flu virus is already among them? Thats why people form the media and scientist grow deeply worried.The flu can basically achieve these things because it has the ability to mutate. It can change quickly and outwit the vaccines that have been created for previous flu strains. Then they take the immune system by storm. The flu can also grab the genetic material of other viruses and also jump from one species to another. There are times where the transfer needs to be done via an intermediary. Such as the West Nile Fever, this needs a mosquito to be transferred.The viruses that have transferred from animals to people are not something new. This has been happening since the 1980s. The new virus that ahs been scaring people of that comes from animals is the bird flu.Bird flus symptoms usually start out quite simple and the infected person might think that its just an ordinary flu. The infected person will experience muscle aches, sore throats, colds and cough. However, it may lead to the immediate death of the infected person.Currently, people who have died form bird flu are still not abundant to call it a pandemic or worry about an outbreak. What worries the health officials is the possibility it becomes an outbreak when it mutates and can transfer from one person to the other. Thats why its better the media and the health officials worry about this thing a whole lot before we get another pandemic like that of the Spanish Flu.
The days when body builders took steroids to boost their muscle mass have long gone, and those who attempt to use anabolic steroids in an attempt to get a competitive edge run a very high risk of being caught and stripped of any titles they have won some would say that being caught is inevitable. So how, then, do body builders manage to build such huge muscles that seem far larger than those of other professional athletes? Is it because they spend so long in the gym and are very dedicated? Well, yes, body builders have to have great dedication, but they also take supplements. These supplements are 100% legal and dont have the nasty side effects of the old anabolic steroids, such as roid rage. You will find several products that are designed to boost your bodys levels of anabolic hormones or are describes as having an anabolic effect. Unlike the old illegal steroids, these bodybuilding supplements do not add any hormones into your system. Instead, these supplements stimulate your body so it produces more of its own androgens and testosterone the male hormones that enable bulky muscles to be laid down on the skeletal frame. Some of these body building supplements increase energy levels as well common ones include creatine, NOx (nitric oxide) increasers, HGH (human growth hormone), and ZMA (which is a combination of zinc and magnesium, both of which are vital in testosterone production). These supplements are either used singly or in a stack or combination of several products. Some lines of body building supplements include products that come ready stacked for ease of use to see some examples of common pre-prepared stacks(complete with celebrity endorsement by a Mr Olympia champion) , follow this link. Of course, thats not all. Muscles arent built of air. All body builders take protein supplements and eat a very high protein diet. When building muscle mass and this advice works for those who want to look a bit more toned or bulk up, as well as for those who want competition-level muscle bulk taking a high protein supplement, usually in a shake or as a bar, is essential. This protein should be taken in combination with a small amount of glucose. The powder type of bodybuilding supplement is particularly handy for increasing the amount of protein in the diet, which all bodybuilders do. Casting a glance over a discount supplier of these supplements, you can see that the protein supplements available to bodybuilders (and others) come from a range of different sources. Dairy-sourced protein supplements are the most commonly seen, with whey a popular choice, closely followed by casein (casein, just in case you were wondering, comes from the curds in the combination enjoyed by the legendary Miss Muffett before the spider arrived: curds & whey). Egg protein is also very popular and is suitable for those with dairy intolerance. Egg protein is sourced either from the whole egg or from the egg white only (just as an aside, powdered egg protein is also used in tree plantations its applied to young trees to deter rabbits and hares from nibbling on them). And for vegetarians, soy protein supplements are also easy to find. Other supplements that are commonly marketed as "bodybuilding supplements" but can be taken by anyone include multivitamin tablets and diet pills, especially the types of pill that increase energy levels and/or the metabolism, as this not only strips away excess fat (no point in having a really ripped torso and abs if those abs are buried beneath a spare tyre) but also supplies the extra stamina needed for the gym sessions (an hour or more) needed to build serious bulk.